Article VIII states that “a State Party to which an object discarded into space is transported retains the competence and control of that object and its personnel in space or on a celestial body. The possession of objects thrown into space, including objects that have been placed or built on a celestial body, and their components are not affected by their presence in space or on a celestial body or by their return to Earth. These objects or items that exceed the boundaries of the State Party on which they are held are returned to that State Party which, if requested, provides identification data before they return. When information is received or if it is established that the personnel of a spacecraft have arrived on the high seas or in another place under the jurisdiction of a state, the contracting parties that are able to do so renew, if necessary, the assistance to the search and rescue operations of that personnel in order to ensure their rapid rescue. They inform the launch authority and the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the steps they have taken and their progress. Article V states that “States Parties regard astronauts as human envoys into space and provide them with all possible assistance in the event of an accident, emergency landing or emergency landing on the territory of another state party or on the high seas. When astronauts make such a landing, they must be returned safely and without delay to the state of registration of their spacecraft. In the field of activities in space and on celestial bodies, astronauts from one State Party provide all possible assistance to astronauts from other States Parties. States Parties immediately inform other States Parties to the Treaty or the Secretary-General of the United Nations of any phenomena they discover in space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, that could endanger the life or health of astronauts. , including the Moon and other celestial bodies, which requires that all possible assistance be provided to astronauts in the event of an accident, emergency landing or emergency landing, the rapid and safe return of astronauts and the return of objects launched into space, 5.
The costs associated with the performance of the obligations to enhance and return a space object or its elements covered by paragraphs 2 and 3 of this article are borne by the opening authority. 4. Calls on the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to urgently complete the drafting of an agreement on liability for damage caused by the release of objects into space and, in any event, no later than the beginning of the 23rd session of the General Assembly, and submit it to the Assembly at this session. The bailout agreement essentially stipulates that any State party to the agreement must provide all possible assistance to rescue the personnel of a spaceship that has landed on the territory of that state, whether as a result of an accident, an emergency, an emergency or an accidental landing.